Kreider Farms - Project Overview
Bion has executed an agreement with Kreider Farms to install a system at their 2,000-head dairy facility in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, to reduce ammonia emissions and nitrogen in the effluent. These reductions will qualify for credits under Pennsylvania's Nutrient Credit Trading Program as part of the strategy to comply with Pennsylvania's Chesapeake Bay Tributary Strategy.
Bion worked extensively with the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection over the past four years to establish a nutrient credit calculation/verification methodology that is appropriate to Bion's technology and recognizes its 'multi-media' (both water and atmospheric) approach to nutrient reductions with respect to the Chesapeake Bay Tributary Strategy. The DEP has approved Bion's protocols for calculating credits for its system's reduction of nitrogen and phosphorus in the liquid effluent, as well as ammonia emissions that have been recognized as a significant contributor of nutrients in the Bay through downwind deposition of nitrogen.
The PENNVEST Board of Directors approved a low-interest loan for Phase I of Bion's Kreider Farms project following Bion's lengthy review process by Penn State University and PA DEP and stakeholder meetings with US EPA, PA DEP, PA Department of Agriculture and others. Bion received approval of its demonstration permit from the DEP in August 2010.
Bion anticipates that Phase 1 of its Kreider Dairy project will initially generate approximately 130,000 nitrogen credits annually from the primary milking herd of 1,200 animals. Phase 1 will also produce approximately 16,250 phosphorus credits. Additional N & P credits can be generated and earned through:
- Actual sampling results (that show improvements from modeling),
- Upcoming studies regarding the bioavailability and denitrification characteristics of the residual fine solids,
- Implementation of the renewable energy facility as outlined for Phase 2 for the combustion of the coarse (cellulosic) solids, and
- Additional manure inputs when the dairy support herd (approximately 800 animals) is brought online
Phase 2 will include renewable energy production from the dairy waste coarse solids as well as the waste from Kreider's approximately 5 million chickens. Upon successful completion of Phase 2, which requires PA DEP to approve additional protocols, the project is anticipated to produce a total of 1.5 million credits, potentially more with the treatment of waste from surrounding farms. These are long-term credits (certified for 10 years or more) that can be used to offset the discharges from municipal wastewater treatment facilities and other nitrogen sources in the Susquehanna watershed that face much higher nitrogen remediation costs.